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The Connecticut River was the first area settled in the 1630s. The most serious problem was that New Haven colony never had a charter giving it legal title to exist. 1788 - Connecticut adopts the U.S. Constitution and becomes the fifth state. Colony Of Connecticut A Brief History "Connecticut derives its name from its principal river, called by the Indians Quonehtacut, and which, in their language, signified 'the long river.'. The Saybrook Colony was an English colony established in late 1635 at the mouth of the Connecticut River in present-day Old Saybrook, Connecticut by John Winthrop, the Younger, son of John Winthrop, the Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.Winthrop the Younger was designated Governor by the original settlers, including Colonel George Fenwick and Captain Lion Gardiner. The History of Colonial Connecticut The area was explored by the Dutch explorer Adrian Block (c.1567 – 1627). The first settlement by Europeans in Colonial Connecticut were made in 1633 by Dutch settlers on the site of present day Hartford. HISTORY of THE COLONY OF NEW HAVEN To its absorption into CONNECTICUT by Edward E. Atwater with Supplementary History and Personnel of the Towns of Branford, Guilford, Milford, Stratford, Norwalk, Southold, etc. Haynes served as a governor of Massachusetts for one term before moving to Connecticut Colony where he became its first governor and ultimately served eight separate terms (for 20 years, the governorship rotated between Haynes and Edward Hopkins since one could not serve consecutive terms). 1775 - Connecticut militiamen fight at the Battle of Bunker Hill. Home > American History. Thomas Hooker, a preacher from Massachusetts, led his congregation to the river in search of rich farmland. The Connecticut Colony or Colony of Connecticut, originally known as the Connecticut River Colony or simply the River Colony, was an English colony in New England which became the state of Connecticut.It was organized on March 3, 1636 as a settlement for a Puritan congregation, and the English permanently gained control of the region in 1637 after struggles with the Dutch. The main reason Connecticut was founded and settled was for its fertile land. The history of the colony was a series of disappointments and failures. The New Haven Colony was a small English colony in North America from 1637 to 1664 in what is now the state of Connecticut.. He did so with the permission of the Dutch who had laid claim to the lands. 1776 - Nathan Hale is hung by the British for spying. Thomas Hooker: preacher, populist, and founder of the Connecticut Colony Feb 19, 2017 Ian Harvey One of America’s most influential pastors, Thomas Hooker, came from Leicester, England and was born there in 1586. 1701 - Yale University is founded in New Haven. The charter included the New Haven Colony; but that colonysternly resisted, and at length consented to become a part of Connecticut only when there was danger of its being absorbed by Ne York. 1662 - The Connecticut Colony receives the Royal Charter from the King of England. Together, they founded the Colony of Connecticut. The U.S. state of Connecticut began as three distinct settlements of Puritans from Massachusetts and England; they combined under a single royal charter in 1663.Known as the "land of steady habits" for its political, social and religious conservatism, the colony prospered from the trade and farming of its ethnic English Protestant population. compiled by Robert Atwater Smith assisted by Bessie E. 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